Time-series of average annual internal energy of sea
For this sub-challenge not enough data was available to complete it. The data on this topic is widely spread and freely available, but is mainly global and not focused on our study area. The results below give an overview of the North Atlantic ocean, the entire Atlantic ocean, as well as a global overview.
Major gaps in this subchallenge are the availability of data and the spatial coverage of the data.
Figure 1: North Atlantic Ocean Heat Content. Datasource: NODC/NOAA.
Figure 2: Atlantic Ocean Heat Content. Datasource: NODC/NOAA.
Figure 3: Time series of average annual internal energy of the sea (source: Levitus et al. 2012)
Figure 4: Ocean heat content, 1958 – 2009. Source: Becker, 2015)
For this sub-challenge, the following sources were used:
- Levitus, S., Antonov, J. I., Boyer, T. P., Baranova, O. K., Garcia, H. E., Locarnini, R. A., Mishonov, A. V., Reagan, J. R., Seidov, D., Yarosh, E. S., Zweng, M. M., “World Ocean Heat Content and Thermosteric Sea Level change (0-2000 m), 1955-2010,” Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012, 39, L10603; doi:10.1029/2012GL051106 http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/climatescience/oceansicerocks/thermalenergy.html
- Becker, E., 2015. November El Niño update: It’s a small world. https://www.climate.gov/taxonomy/term/8390/feed