Emodnet-Arctic

Alien Species

The Alien Species Challenge provides information on the introduction and distribution of alien species in the Arctic Ocean, and on the impact on the ecosystem and economy. Collected information includes taxonomy, geography, introduced range and year of introduction, vector or reason for introduction and impacts. Maps are constructed showing the area in the Arctic where the species is introduced.  

From the search for information from databases, it appeared that there is no actual or complete list on Arctic alien species available. Therefore, scientific literature was consulted to construct a list of species, which now accounts 94 species (58 crustaceans, 13 algae, 9 Chordata, 14 others). Required information for these species is collected. For well-known invasive species compiled information can be found relevant for this challenge, however, for many species compiled information is not or only partly available. Most databases that deal with alien species do not include the Arctic region, whereas databases that concern the Arctic region, do not, or only partly cover the species identified to be alien.  

All collected information will be stored in a factsheet and later shown on a map.

map alien species

GroupScientific Name
MacroalgaeBonnemaisonia hamifera
MacroalgaeCeramium sinicola
MacroalgaeCodium fragile
MarcoalgaeCaulacanthus ustulatus
MarcoalgaeChroodactylon ornatum
MarcoalgaeDumontia contorta
MarcoalgaeFucus cottonii
MarcoalgaeFucus serratus
MarcoalgaeMicrospongium globosum
MarcoalgaeSargassum muticum
PhytoplanktonHeterosigma akashiwo
PhytoplanktonMediopyxis helysia
PhytoplanktonNeodenticula seminae
PhytoplanktonStephanopyxis turris
BryozoaSchizoporella unicornis
FishAcanthogobius flavimanus
FishDallia pectoralis
FishEsox lucius
FishOncorhynchus mykiss
FishPlatichtys flesus
FishSalvelinus fontinalis
TunicataBotryllus schlosseri
TunicataBotrylloides violaceus
TunicataCiona intestinalis
AmphipodaAmpelisca abdita
AmphipodaCaprella mutica
AmphipodaCrassicorophium bonellii
AmphipodaGammarus cf. tigrinus
AmphipodaGammarus cf. zaddachi
AmphipodaGammarus daiberi
AmphipodaGrandidierella japonica
AmphipodaJassa marmorata
AmphipodaMonocorophium acherusicum
AmphipodaSinocorophium heteroceratum
CirripediaAmphibalanus amphitrite
CirripediaAmphibalanus eburneus
CirripediaAmphibalanus improvisus
CirripediaAmphibalanus reticulatus
CirripediaAustrominius modestus
CirripediaBalanus trigonus
CirripediaConchoderma virgatum
CirripediaMegabalanus cf. spinosus
CirripediaMegabalanus cf. tintinnabulum
CirripediaMegabalanus coccopoma
CladoceraAcantholeberis curvirostris
CladoceraEvadne nordmanni
CladoceraPodon leuckartii
CopepodaAcartia clausii
CopepodaAcartia tonsa
CopepodaAcartiella sinensis
CopepodaAnomalocera patersoni
CopepodaCalanus helgolandicus
CopepodaCentropages hamatus
CopepodaCentropages typicus
CopepodaEurytemora affinis
CopepodaHeterolaophonte str?emi
CopepodaIsias clavipes
CopepodaLimnoithona tetraspina
CopepodaMetridia lucens
CopepodaNitocra lacustris
CopepodaOithona davisae
CopepodaParapontella brevicornis
CopepodaParonychocamptus huntsmani
CopepodaPseudodiaptimus forbesi
CopepodaPseudodiaptimus marinus
CopepodaSchizopera clandestina
CopepodaSinocalanus doerrii
CopepodaTemora longicornis
CopepodaTortanus dextrilobatus
DecapodaCancer irroratus
DecapodaCancer pagurus
DecapodaCarcinus maenas
DecapodaChionoecetes opilio
DecapodaCrangon crangon
DecapodaHemigrapsus takanoi
DecapodaParalithodes camtschaticus
IsopodaEurydice pulchra
IsopodaIdotea linearis
MysidaAcanthomysis bowmani
MysidaMesopodopsis slabberi
ForaminiferanTrochammina hadai
HydroidGarveia franciscana
MolluscCerastoderma edule
MolluscMya arenaria
NematodaAscolaimus sp.
NematodaAxonolaimidae
NematodaDaptonema tenuispiculum
NematodaGeomonhystera sp.
NematodaProchromadora orleji
PlantCotula coronopifolia
PolychaetaHeteromastus filiformis
PolychaetaScolelepis sp.
PolychaetaSpiophanes kroeyeri
SpongeCliona thoosina
CopepodaCyclops kolensis kolensis
CopepodaEuterpina acutifrons
CopepodaOithona similis
CopepodaClausocalanus furcatus
CopepodaPseudocalanus
CopepodaTemora turbinata
MolluscMytilus galloprovincialis